How is Flash Point testing important to our cosmetics industry?
Flash point is a critical guideline to ensure compliance regarding safety and transportation for the cosmetics industry. This is applicable for all modes of transport and governed by their relevant legislative bodies, whether through air, rail, road or maritime means.
So, what is Flash Point?
The flash point test is a procedure in which a test specimen is introduced into a temperature controlled test cup and an ignition source is applied to the vapours produced by the test specimen. The purpose of the test is to determine whether the vapour/air mixture is flammable or at what temperature the vapour/air mixture is flammable.
What CLP Regulations and Classifications are important?
CLP (Classification, Packaging and Labelling of dangerous substances and preparation regulation) EC No 1272/2008, is the EU regulation by which the United Nations’ Globally Harmonised System (GHS) of classifying and labelling chemicals is legally implemented in the EU to ensure that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers through the correct classification and labelling of chemicals and products . The legislation ensures global harmonisation regarding storage and transport of hazardous materials.
In order to offer manufacturers and suppliers sufficient time to employ the new labelling legislations, CLP has been introduced in 2 phases: Phase 1 – governing substances and replacing the former DSD (Dangerous Substance Directive), has applied since June 2015. Phase 2 – governing mixtures and replacing the former DPD (Dangerous Preparations Directive), applicable by June 2017. Any added component to a substance or a mixture is subject to re-labelling and testing.
Which products are controlled?
Cosmetics range from everyday hygiene products such as soap, shampoo, deodorant and toothpaste, to luxury beauty items. Perfumes, essential oils, dyes and scented cosmetics all fall under the category of cosmetic products which must be tested for their flash point in order to comply to CLP and GHS regulations for hazard content, storage and transportation. Fragrance or essential oils used in aromatic candles, also fall under this category.
The measurement of flash point is specified in standards issued by ISO, CEN, ASTM and others. These standards specify flash point values used for quality control purposes as well as for ascertaining the flammability risk. By identifying the flash point or flammability of a liquid or semi solid substance or mixture, suppliers can correctly classify their hazard potential. The lower the flash point temperature, the greater the risk. Furthermore, a change in flash point may indicate the presence of potentially dangerous volatile contaminants or the adulteration of one product by another. Manufacturers are advised to consult with the relevant local authorities to establish appropriate actions required to fulfil HAZMAT due diligence obligations. All cosmetic products supplied in the EU, whether for consumer or professional use, must comply with European Cosmetics Regulations which include testing flash point as a vital parameter.
Find this application note in full at: Stanhope-Seta
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